Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Media Statement: Talent Corp needs 300 years to reverse brain drain (EN/CN)


Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Datuk Seri Abdul Wahid Omar should do his mathematics before saying that the Talent Corp Program has been effective in reversing brain drain. In fact, at its current efficiency, it will take at least 300 years to reverse Malaysian brain drain. 





It is impossible for Malaysia to become a high-income nation without good quality of human capital. Malaysia needs talent, but talent seems to be leaving. According to the World Bank Report in 2011, 2 out of 10 tertiary-educated Malaysians opting to leave Malaysia for greener pasture.

In his reply to Liew Chin Tong’s question in the parliament, Datuk Seri Abdul Wahid Omar said that the Talent Corp program has been effective in reversing brain drain and the RM 65 million operating cost since 2011 was worth spent.

We would like to remind Datuk Seri Abdul Wahid Omar that according to the World Bank report brain drain represents one third of the strong one million Malaysian diaspora, i.e there are more than 300,000 Malaysian professionals settled down outside of Malaysia. The Talent Corp program however, has only succeeded in bringing back 680 Malaysians professionals in 2011, 923 in 2012 and 502 up to June this year. Even at 1,000 professionals returning every year, at this ‘reverse’ rate, it will take 300 years for Talent Corp to reverse Malaysia brain drain. This is also the most optimistic estimation based on the assumption that there is no further brain drain.



Malaysia also is not able to attract foreign talents to replace the outflow of Malaysian talents - 60% of immigration into Malaysia had only primary education or less; the number of skilled expatriates also declined by 25% since 2004.

Perhaps Datuk Seri Abdul Wahid Omar, as the former CEO of Maybank, can tell us as to what kind of magic mathematics he used to define the effectiveness of Talent Corp in reversing brain drain?

According to the same Word Bank report, the top three drivers for brain drain were career prospects (66%), social justice (60%) and compensation (54%). While brain drain and diaspora reflect the forces of globalization and it is not unique to Malaysia, which is a developing country, to lose talents due to career prospects and compensation, social injustice can and should be addressed to reverse brain drain.

Surveys have shown that Malaysian diaspora have strong sense of attachment to the motherland. Given more inclusive policies and fairer social environment, many talented Malaysians will choose to come home or stay in Malaysia even without the costly Talent Corp Program.

It is time for the Barisan Nasional government to reexamine their brain drain reversal policies on whether they are solving the surface or the root of the brain drain problem. There is a serious need for policy and structural reform to introduce meritocracy back to the Malaysian society, both in education and business world, while not neglecting the population based on needs.

Lastly, we would like to call upon Datuk Seri Abdul Wahid Omar not to follow the footpath of his fellow non-partisan colleague Datuk Paul Low and become yet another apologist for the Barisan Nasional government.

Malaysiakini Link:http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/236297

The Malay Mail Online Link: http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/300-years-before-talentcorp-plugs-talent-leakage-dap-rep-says

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首相署部长拿督斯里阿都瓦希上议员在发表“专才机构成功缓和人才外流现象”前,应当重新估算其数据。事实上,以目前的回流进度,我们须要约300年来达到缓和马来西亚人才外流现象。

若缺乏高素质专才,我国是不可能达致高收入国目标。我们须要人才,但人才却一直外流。根据世界银行的报告,每十名马来西亚专才中,就有两名选择离开,以寻找跟好的发展机会。

首相署部长拿督斯里阿都瓦希在国会回答居銮国会议员刘镇东提问指出,专才机构自2011年以来共耗资了6500万令吉,成功缓和了人才流失,因此这项开销是值得的。

我们要提醒拿督斯里阿都瓦希,在100万旅居国外马来西亚人当中有三分一 是有专业资格的人才。马来西亚足足的流失了30万人才。反之,专才机构仅成功在2011年召回680海外专才,以及2012年923名,同时今年截至六月为止仅成功召回502名。按照此回流进度,以最乐观的假设没有任何人才继续外流,即使该机构一年成功召回高达1000名专才回国,我们须要长达300年来达到缓和马来西亚人才外流现象。

我国目前引进的外国工人填补不了国内专才的流失因为其中六成流入国内的外国工人仅有小学或更低的教育水平;同时,自2004年以来,在我国工作的外国专业人员也减少了25%。

也是前马来亚银行首席执行长的拿督斯里阿都瓦希应该告诉我们,他是以什么神奇数学计算法来估算出人才机构的有效性?

根据同份世界银行的报告,造成人才外流三大要素为专业前景(66%)、社会公义(60%)以及赔偿赏金(54%)。虽然人才外流与散居乃全球化现象,作为发展中国家的我国,无法幸免由于专业前景与赏金而流失人才,但社会公义理应是我们留住人才的因素。

家乡就是家乡,根据调查,许多旅居海外的人才一直心系家乡马来西亚。若推行更多吸纳政策和公正的社会条件,马来西亚的人才自然会回流或回国定居,而无须花费巨款的专才机构以处理此问题。

国阵政府时候检讨其人才回流政策是否足以根本性或仅能表面解决人才外流问题。无论在教育或工商业领域,我国社会急需重新推行绩效政策与制度改革,同时不忽略居民基本需求。

最后,我们呼吁拿督斯里阿都瓦希,别步上其无党派同事刘胜权后尘,成为另一个国阵政府的辩士。

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