Saturday, September 15, 2012

Today, My Heart Sinks for My Fellow Malaysians

After five decades in power, one economic policy after another under the Barisan Nasional, there are a few groups of people that I believe have been left out in our development.  While I am frustrated with the BN governance, I myself am guilty of being ignorant and indifferent at times. 

As I read these statistics, my heart sinks and tears flow, and I shall remember how I felt today for the rest of my life in politics. Today, I am determined to do this: never, never shall I see statistics as numbers and forget that these numbers represent the PEOPLE, my fellow Malaysians, the very individuals that deserve life, liberty, and the right to pursue happiness. 



The Indians 

Population: 
Indians population in Malaysia dropped from 15% in 1957 to 7.1% in 2010. 

Wealth: 
Malaysian Indians equity ownership is only 1.5% of Malaysia's wealth. Worse still, minus the two big tycoons, Ananda Krishnan and Tony Fernandez, the 7% of Malaysia population (~ 2 millions) only own 0.7% of the national wealth. The promised 3 % equity target  by Dato Sri Najib Razak has been postponed from 2010 to 2020.

Some other statistics about the Indians in Malaysia:  
- the second highest infant mortality rates
- the lowest life expectancy rates - 67.3 years compared to national average of 71.2.
- the highest school drop out rates: only 5.0% of Indians reach the tertiary level compared to the national average of 7.5%.
- the highest incidence of alcoholism, drug addition and prisoners in proportion to population. 
-  60% of serious crimes are committed by Indians.


The Non-Malay Bumiputras

The graph below shows Malaysia poverty rate by ethnicity.  After decades of development, all the ethnicity groups have tremendously reduced their poverty rate. However, the non-Malay Bumiputeras have been seriously left behind, both in absolute term as well as in the rate of poverty reduction. (check out for the Other Bumiputra category)

Source: Malaysia The Millennium Development Goal Report, United Nation, 2010 

People in Sabah in particular, suffer a serious lack of development: 
- about one-fifth of Sabah people live below poverty line
- 41% of Sabah land area is without piped water compared to 10% in Peninsula
- 23% of areas in Sabah are without electricity compared to only 0.3% in the Peninsula

And yet, in the 9th Malaysia Plan (2006-2010), Sabah was allocated only 8% of the total national budget and less than 3% of total development budget.  This is a complete injustice in action!


My Hope - Right of Social Mobility for All

The vicious cycle of poverty and social problems should be broken with well-thought policies from the government and deliberate efforts from the society. 

All Malaysians, and I say again, ALL MALAYSIANS, deserve equal opportunities of social mobility and their rights to pursue happiness in this land. 




Note: The statistics above may not be 100% accurate and updated as there are not many well-established research available online. This maybe proves again our negligence on them? 


9 comments:

  1. Have you forgotten about our constitution? Have you done your homework? I can see that you are not mature and all your entries are made entirely based on your emotion. You need to grow up to be able to lead.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Sad to say, but the message by this Anonymous commenter (September 20, 2012) says it all about the sad state of mind for some segments of the Malay population today.

      Delete
    2. The rent-seeking mentality, that is.

      Delete
  2. Excuse me Mr. Anonymous, did you see the "Note" at the bottom of the post? What constitution are you talking about? How mature you are to comment such critic? and lastly, please give examples of which part of ALL the entries you think are made ENTIRELY based on emotion?

    ReplyDelete
  3. Based on the book by Malcom Gladwell's "Outlier", it is said that a person's socioeconomic status has strong correlation with his or her root. Malaysian indians, were mostly "shipped" to Malaysia to provide physical workforce for agriculture industry. Unlike the chinese who migrated to Malaysia for greener pasture or escape China's harsh regimental ruling, Malaysian indians were in a much disadvantaged position to begin with.

    Such socioeconomic status has far reaching implications as children of poorer family receive lesser education and have few opportunities to develop their talents, and this cycle repeats itself when they grow up and have no better lives than their parents. What is worse, Malaysia adopted racial-based policy instead of need-based policies, and hence the statistics you show up there.

    For a bigger picture, we should look at if the situation/statistics have improved over the years. Proper government intervention can improve the situation, but the Indian community themselves need to pull their acts together too.

    ReplyDelete
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